- Pope and BiH
- Church in BiH
According to the now famous documents, Bosnian Diocese was first mentioned in the Split Metropoly between 1060. and 1075. It later belonged to the Bar, and then in 12th century to Dubrovnik Metropoly. After the appearance of the Bosnian Church and krstjans, to Bosnia came first missionaries Dominicans who fought against heresy. They belonged to the Hungarian province which had its monasteries in Slavonija, and later in Bosnia.
In 1291., Pope Nicholas IV. issued an order to the Provincial of Province Sclavoniae (Croatian), to send to Bosnia two Franciscans, skilled with language of the local people to permanently work to eradicate heresy. This year is accepted as the onset of action of the Bosnian Franciscans.
Weighted with political and religious struggles Bosnia fell in 1463., and then Herzegovina (Hum) in 1482. under the then occupying Ottoman superpower. The Ottoman occupation in Bosnia and Herzegovina caused many changes, not only political but also religious, social and ethnic and the Catholics number largely dropped. Ottomans by occupying Bosnia destroyed 464 Catholic churches and 48 Franciscan monasteries.
In 1878. the decision of the Berlin Congress of Austro-Hungarian occupied BiH and ruled it until the end of the First World War.
Pope Leon XIII. with its formal letter (bull) Ex hac augusta from July 5th 1881., announced the renewal of regular hierarchy in Bosnia and Herzegovina. His decision was carried out in the next, 1882., year by arrival to Sarajevo of first Vrhbosna Archbishop from Zagreb Professor Dr. Josip Stadler.
In four decades of Austro-Hungarian rule (1878 - 1918) the Catholic Church has lived through a real bloom in many areas. There was an increase in the number of believers and is the first official census from 1879. there were 209 391 Catholics (18.08%) in BiH. There was the founding of a number of parishes, because the Catholics in this country came from other parts of Europe as well.
After I. World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, and then the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Although the Serbian authorities were not in favor of the Catholic Church still in this period there was progress of Catholicism in the region.
During II. World War Catholic Church in BiH was damaged. A lot of believers died and the priests killed, churches were destroyed and a larger number of parishes and many cultural assets were destroyed. Suffering have continued even after the war. Immediately after the 1945., many Catholics were killed, and because of the war and afterwards prosecution, up until 1952. 160 priests and several dozen monks were killed. Many priests, nuns and monks were sentenced to years in prison. Some sister communities were completely banished. Through some time in BiH there was no free bishop.
Regime that was against the Church took away almost all church property and entirely banned all activities of the church charitable, cultural and educational institutions, except Franciscan Seminary in Visoko and the Franciscan School of Theology in Sarajevo. Catholic press was almost totally destroyed and over many decades was not allowed to exist.
After the democratic changes, the Catholic Church gained freedom, but then came the war (1991. - 1995.) who had robed her again. Today the consequences are still felt: the communist period because the majority of the confiscated church property was not returned, and also the last war because it halved the number of believers who are continuously leaving BiH.
Nevertheless, despite this, God has endowed this local Church with a large number of religious vocations which even today is not missing.